The new technology is being built by researchers at the Research and Production Corporation Systems, which is a subdivision of Roscosmos.
According to the report submitted to the Russian Academy of Sciences, in which the company asks to support its research and development, the “cannon” would allow for the vaporising of potentially dangerous debris via a focused laser beam.
The proposal involves creating “an optic detection system which includes a solid-state laser and a transmit/receive adaptive optical system.”
The technology will be based on a three-meter optical telescope, which is currently under construction.
The telescope, designed to monitor space for satellites and potentially dangerous space debris, could be expanded to a larger laser if the research and development are successful.
A type of solid-base generator will supply power to the laser and it will heat objects by penetrating them with a beam until they gradually evaporate.
With the increase in satellites and more countries engaging in space travel, space junk has become more and more problematic.
NASA estimated that there are more than 500, 000 pieces of space “litter” in the earth’s orbit.
Most of it are “the size of a marble or larger” and can travel at a speed of up 17,500 miles per hour around Earth.
NASA warns that even a “relatively small piece of oral debris” could damage satellites or spacecrafts.
As the concerns grow, several countries have already started developing new technologies to get rid of space debris.
In February, researchers at the Air Force Engineering University in China published a study which suggested that space junk could be blasted by space-based lasers.
In March, Australia’s EOS Space Systems revealed it is also working on the photon pressure laser.
However, the laser is designed so it will not incinerate the junk completely, but it will just be able “to nudge space objects around, change their orbits”.
In 2017, Japan failed its attempt to clear space junk with a 700-meter tether designed by a fishing company.